It is believed that the word “museum” comes from the Old Greek Μουσεῖον (Mouseion), which denotes a place or temple dedicated to the Muses-the patron divinities of the arts in Greek Mythology and hence a building set apart for study and the arts.
Established in 1887,Silk Museum of Georgia in one of the first museums in the Caucasus region. Present-day building was an important part of the Sericulture station-the main scientific and educational centre in the Caucasus which now ,converted into a museum, houses Herbariums of different mulberry species, healthy and sick mulberry wood cuts, objects depicting the mulberry biology (in dry and wet objects), different implements for mulberry cultivation (knives, axes, tools), samples of sliced leaves, unique cocoon collection, rich and interesting collection of butterflies created at the edge of the XIX-XX centuries as well as the collection of dyes from 16 different countries.
The main building of the Caucasian Silk Station, as well as the entire complex, was designed by the architect of Polish origin, Alexander Szymkiewicz, who then worked in Tbilisi.
Standing on a tall stone base, the building is distinguished by plain red brick façades, a large portico attached to the middle projection and a mansard roof covering the central part.
Stylistically, the building represents a fusion of traditions, with its façade and elevations displaying features typical of the so-called Russian style, Classicism, and Gothic and Islamic arts.
Of particular note is the interior adornment which, apart from architectural decoration, includes designed elements, such as a frieze, a cornice, a pilaster and a capital, all of which display silk related features including a mulberry leave, a silkworm, a silkworm cocoon and a pupa.
Remarkable is the furniture made to the designs of Alexander Szymkiewicz, which survives in an authentic shape in the exhibition hall and in the library of the museum.
Visiting Tbilisi? Explore Silk Museum of Georgia with us